Main Command Dial—wheel on back of camera;
Sub-Command Dial—wheel on front of camera.
- Photo Shooting
- Movie Shooting
- Custom Settings
- My Menu/Recent Settings
Pressing shutter release button halfway will exit the menus.
- Back of camera, on upper right
- Activates monitor display of detailed shooting information.
- Back of camera; lower left
- Activates monitor display for quick access to shooting menus, playback menus, live view photography settings, and live view movie settings.
Change by rotating the mode dial.
- Two modes—with or without flash.
- Also called "Point-and-Shoot" mode.
- P—Programmed auto; camera automatically adjusts speed & aperture; different combinations can be selected by rotating Main Command Dial (flexible program); an *asterisk will appear next to exposure-mode indicator while in flexible program; to turn off flexible program, rotate Main Command Dial until asterisk is no longer displayed.
- S—Shutter-priority auto; select shutter speeds from 30s to 1/4000; rotate Main Command Dial to choose shutter speed.
- A—Aperture-priority auto; select aperture; for controlling depth-of-field; rotate Sub-Command Dial to choose aperture.
- M—manual; both shutter speed and aperture can be chosen; rotate Main Command Dial to choose shutter speed, and Sub-Command Dial to set aperture.
- Rotate the Main Command Dial to choose a scene mode.
- Mode options are Portrait, Landscape, Child, Sports, Close up, Night portrait, Night landscape, Party/indoor, Beach/snow, Sunset, Dusk/dawn, Pet portrait, Candlelight, Blossom, Autumn colors, Food.
- Rotate the Main Command Dial to choose a special effects mode.
- Mode options are Night vision, Color sketch, Miniature effect, Selective color, Silhouette, High key, Low key.
- U1, U1—User-selected settings; make desired adjustments in P, S, A, or M modes, then save in Menu…Save User Settings…Save to U1 or U2…Save Settings.
- To reset, press Menu…Setup Menu…Reset User Settings…Reset U1 or U2…Reset.
Determines how camera sets exposure in P, S, A, and M modes. Control by pressing metering button on top right of camera, and rotating Main Command Dial.
- Matrix—Use for most situations; wide area of frame used.
- Center-weighted—entire frame used, but center area gets greatest weight.
- Spot—4mm circle centered on current focus point.
- Highlight-weighted—greatest weight is assigned to highlights. Example: performers on stage in spotlight.
- Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape, Flat
- Select in Photo Shooting Menu…Set Picture Control
- Available in P, S, A, and M modes.
- Custom picture controls may be saved.
To change modes, press mode dial lock release, and turn mode dial.
- S—Single frame
- CL—Continuous low speed; 1-6fps; 100 shots max; will slow when buffer is full
- CH—Continuous high speed; 6.5fps; 100 shots max; will slow when buffer is full
- Q—Quiet shutter-release
- QC—Quiet continuous shutter-release
- [clock graphic]—-timer
- MUP--Mirror up; press shutter-release button once to raise mirror; press again to take photo; used for low light and tripod.
Determines how focus area is selected in auto-focus mode. Controlled by focus-mode selector on front of camera.
- M—Manual; only use with lenses that do not support autofocus.
- AF—Autofocus. Change type by pressing the AF-mode button and rotating Main Command Dial.
- AF-A—Auto-servo auto-focus; camera selects single or continuous, depending on if subject is stationary or moving.
- AF-S—Single-servo auto-focus; for stationary subjects. Focuses and locks when shutter-release button is pressed halfway.
- AF-C—Continuous-servo auto-focus; for moving subjects. Focuses continuously while shutter-release button is pressed halfway.
AF might not perform well in little or no contrast, through fences or grids, high contrast, geometric patterns, many fine details.
Auto-Focus Area Modes
Controlled by pressing AF-mode button and rotating Sub-Command Dial.
- Single-point AF—for stationary subject; focus is on subject in selected focus point only; this is automatically selected when manual focus is used.
- Dynamic-area AF
- 9-point—when plenty of time to compose photo, or predictable movement.
- 21-point—subject moving unpredictably.
- 51-point—subject moving quickly.
- 3D-tracking—subject moving erratically side to side.
- Group-area AF—focuses using a group of focus points selected by user; for subjects where single focus point is difficult.
- Auto-area AF—subject automatically detected; face detection is given priority.
Focus Point Selection
- Unlock focus selector lock (on back of camera, upper right of screen);
- Use focus selector toggle to select focus point in viewfinder;
- Press OK to select;
- Lock the focus selector.
Works in AF-A and AF-C focus modes (In AF-S focus mode, focus locks automatically and remains locked until finger is removed from shutter-release).
- Press shutter-release button halfway;
- Press and hold AE-L/AF-L button to lock both focus and exposure;
- Recompose photo and press shutter-release all the way.
Image Size (FX lenses)
Press "QUAL" button and rotate the Sub-Command Dial.
Image Quality (JPEG Compression) Menu
Press "QUAL" button and rotate Main Command Dial.
- NEF Raw, jpeg fine, jpeg normal, jpeg basic, NEF + jpeg.
JPEG compression can be set to Size Priority (relatively uniform file size) or Optimal Quality (file size varies with scene recorded) in photo shooting menu.
Controlled by pressing ISO button and rotating Main Command Dial.
- Can range from 100 to 12,800; also Hi 0.3-Hi 2, and Lo 0.3-Lo 1.
- ISO Auto automatically selects ISO; maximum can be preset in shooting menu settings.
Press "WB" button and rotate Main Command Dial.
- Rotates through Auto, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Direct Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy, Shade, Choose color, and Preset.
- Works in P, S, A, and M modes only.
- White balance bracketing can be set in Custom Setting e6 Auto bracketing set.
To preview, press/hold depth-of-field preview button.
Press +/- button by shutter-release and rotate Main Command Dial.
- Works in P, S, A, M, and Scene modes only; adjusts from -5EV to +5EV; affects both flash level and exposure when flash is used.
- Not reset when camera is turned off.
- Select type of bracketing (flash or exposure) in Menu…Custom Setting...e6 Auto Bracketing Set
- Choose between AE & Flash, AE only, Flash only, WB bracketing, ADL bracketing.
- Press "BKT" button and rotate Main Command Dial to choose number of shots in bracketing sequence.
- Press "BKT" button and rotate sub-command dial to choose exposure increment.
- Frame photo, focus, and shoot.
- Shutter release button must be pressed once for each bracket if in Single Frame mode.
- To cancel bracketing, press "BKT" button and rotate Main Command Dial until BKT icon disappears.
Preserves details in highlights and shadows in one shot; use for high contrast scenes. Most effective with matrix metering.
- Active D-Lighting adjusts exposure before shooting; D-Lighting is for retouching via menu after shooting.
- Turn on in Menu, Active D-Lighting selection.
High Dynamic Range (HDR)
Preserves details in highlights and shadows by combining two shots. Most effective with matrix metering.
- Menu…Photo Shooting Menu…HDR;
- Select a mode (On/series or On/single photo);
- Choose the HDR strength (auto; extra high; high; normal; low);
- Compose photo, focus, and shoot.
- Press flash pop-up button.
- Press the "(lightning bolt)" button and rotate Main Command Dial to select flash mode. Works with P, S, A, and M modes only.
- Pressing shutter release halfway will check exposure.
- Built-in flash angle can cover field of view of a 24mm lens, and has a minimum distance of 2 feet.
Manual Flash Sync Modes
- Fill flash
- Red-eye reduction—pre-flashes for one second.
- Red-eye reduction with slow sync—shutter speed slows.
- Slow sync—captures both subject and background at night or in dim light; may need tripod.
- Slow rear-curtain sync
- Rear curtain sync—flash fires just before shutter closes; creates effect of stream of light behind moving objects; may need tripod.
- Off—flash does not fire.
- Works in P, S, A, M, and Scene modes only.
- Press the "(lightning bolt +/-)" button and rotate Sub-Command Dial.
- Adjust from -3EV to +1EV in 1/3EV increments.
- Not reset when camera is turned off. To reset, turn compensation to show zero.
- Will also adjust certain Nikon flash units such as SB-600.
Press shooting mode dial lock release and rotate shooting mode dial to select self-timer mode.
- Recommended to insert DK-5 eyepiece cap to prevent light from entering via viewfinder and interfering with exposure.
- Two seconds before photo is taken, lamp will stop blinking and beeping will become more rapid.
- Menu…Photo Shooting Menu…Multiple Exposure.
- Select a mode (series or single photo).
- Choose number of shots.
- Choose amount of gain (on or off)
- AutoGain On (default) will decrease exposure according to number of exposures recorded.
- Multiple Exposure icon will blink until correct shooting ends.
- Canceled if camera is turned off.
Interval Timer Photos
- Menu…Photo Shooting Menu…Interval Timer Shooting.
- Choose start option (now, or specific date/time).
- Choose interval between shots.
- Choose number of shots per interval.
- Start shooting.
- Shooting can be paused by pressing "OK" button; or turning off camera.
- Tripod use is recommended. DK-5 eyepiece cap is recommended.
- Live view selector is for either photos or movies.
- Movie button does not work when photo live view is in use.
- Press LV button to enter or exit Live View mode.
Live View, Photography
- Available AutoFocus-area modes: Face-priority, Wide-area, Normal-area, Subject-tracking.
- To change AF-area mode, press AF-mode button and rotate Sub-Command Dial.
- i button allows access to select options:
- Choose image area; Image Quality; Image Size; Set Picture Control; Active D-Lighting; Remote Control Mode; Monitor Brightness; Exposure Preview.
Live View, Movies
- Press movie-record button by shutter-release to start recording. Press again to stop.
- Stereo microphones are on front of camera; small holes on either side of flash head.
- If shutter-release is pressed during movie recording, movie will end, a photo will be taken, and view returned to Live View Movie.
- i button allows access to select options:
- Choose image area; Frame Size/Frame Rate; Movie Quality; Microphone Sensitivity; Frequency Response; Wind Noise Reduction; Set Picture Control; Destination; Monitor Brightness; Multi-Selector Power Aperture; Highlight Display; Headphone Volume.
- Maximum movie length is 4GB.
Fn Function Button
Role played by the Fn button (front of camera, right next to lens on lower half) can be assigned by Menu…Custom Settings…f2 Assign Fn Button.
Connects to smart device running Wireless Mobile Utility app.
A Wi-Fi icon will appear on camera control panel when Wi-Fi is enabled.
Connecting SSID (Android and iOS)
- On camera, enable Wi-Fi on camera. Menu…Setup Menu…Wi-Fi…Enable.
- On camera, display camera SSID. In same menu, select Network Settings…View SSID.
- On smart device, select the camera SSID.
- Launch the Wireless Mobile Utility.
To end connection, do any of these:
- Turn camera off.
- Menu…Setup Menu…Wi-Fi…Network Connection…Disable.
- Start recording a movie.
Restoring default network settings: Menu…Setup Menu…Wi-Fi…Network Settings…Reset Network Settings…Yes.
Selecting pictures for upload:
- Select image.
- Press i button to display options
- Choose Select To Send To Smart Device.
By holding "ISO" and "+/-" buttons (marked by a green dot) down for more than 2 seconds, these camera settings can be restored to default values:
- Image quality – jpeg normal
- Image size - large
- White balance – auto > normal
- Picture Control settings -- unmodified
- HDR - off
- ISO sensitivity – auto/100/sensitivity off
- Remote control mode -- off
- Interval timer shooting - off
- Autofocus – AF-A
- AF-area mode – depends on mode; P, S, A, M set to Auto-area AF
- Focus point – center
- Exposure preview -- off
- Metering – matrix
- AE lock hold – off
- Bracketing – off
- Flash compensation – off
- Exposure compensation – off
- Exposure delay mode – off
- Flash mode
- FV lock – off
- Multiple exposure – off
- Flexible program – off
- + RAW - off
- Left/Right arrows move through photos.
- Rotating Main Command Dial also moves through photos, but at current zoom level.
- Up/Down arrows cycles through show additional info screens.
- Pressing i button during playback activates menu to choose playback slot and folder.
Photo Playback—Photo Information Displayed
Press multi-selector down to cycle through photo info:
- None (image only)
- Overview data
- Location data
- Shooting data
- RGB Histogram
- File information
Displayed pages can be modified in Menu…Playback Display Options
- Must be formatted by the camera before first use. Format from menu, or by simultaneously holding the two red "FORMAT" buttons until FOR appears, then press the two buttons again.
- FAT32 is supported for cards over 2GB.
- Manual contains a table of tested, approved CF cards from SanDisk and Lexar.
- Class 10 cards are recommended for faster transfer times.
- SD memory cards have a write protect switch on them. When in "lock" position, card cannot be formatted and photos cannot be deleted or recorded.
- When two cards are inserted, display shows available space for Slot 1.
- Use of second card can be selected in shooting menu. Slot 2 can be used as Overflow, Backup, or Raw Slot 1/JPEG Slot 2.
- Turn power off before inserting or removing memory cards.
- Memory card access lamp (between Multi Selector and Live View Selector) lights when memory card is being accessed.
- Do not turn power off while data is being recorded, deleted, or copied to memory card or computer.
- -E- display means no memory card is inserted.
- Use EN-EL15 batteries only.
- To reduce battery drain, a Standby Timer turns off some display items if no operations are performed for six seconds.
- Charger light will slowly flash as battery charges; stops flashing when fully charged.
- It takes about 2.5 hours for an exhausted battery to fully charge.
- Viewfinder and Control panel battery icons blink when battery is exhausted; shutter-release is disabled.
- Clock and calendar are powered by an independent rechargeable power source. Two days of charging via main batteries will power the clock for about 3 months.
- If "CLOCK" icon flashes in control panel, clock battery is exhausted, and clock needs to be reset to correct date and time.
- Camera clock is not as accurate as watches. Check clock periodically, and reset time as necessary.
Cleaning Sensor Using Low-Pass Filter
Cleaning is performed by vibrating the low-pass filter.
- Set camera down on its base.
- Menu…Setup Menu…Clean Image Sensor.
- Select Clean Now.
- CPU lenses are recommended.
- CPU lenses can be identified by CPU contacts by the mount.
- Type G and D have a "G" or "D" on the lens barrel.
- Polarizing filters: C-PL circular polarizing filter must be used; linear polarizing filters cannot.
- Use FX lenses for full area of sensor (36mm x 24mm).
- DX lenses only cover 24mm x16mm area of sensor.
- Select Auto DX Crop on or off in menu settings.
- Keep mounting index on lens aligned with mounting index on camera.
- Rotate lens counter-clockwise until it clicks.
- Turn camera off.
- Press and hold the lens-release button while turning lens clockwise.
Compatible LAN Adapters
- Wireless Transmitter WT-5
- Communication Unit UT-1
- fEE blinking: Lens aperture ring is not locked at minimum aperture.
- Battery icon blinking: battery is completely exhausted.
- Blinking solid black triangles: camera unable to focus using autofocus; use manual.
- -E-: No memory card.
- Full: insufficient memory to record further photos.
- CArd Err: Possibly damaged card; cannot access memory card.
- CArd--- flashing: Memory card is locked/write protected.
- For: Memory card has not been formatted by camera.
- Err: camera malfunction. Try to release the shutter. May need servicing.
- F--: No lens attached, or non-cpu lens attached.
- CLOCK icon flashing: C lock battery is exhausted, and clock needs to be reset to correct date and time.